Indian bombing inside Pakistani territory appears to have struck a mostly uninhabited forest and a farmer’s wheat field.
Founded in 2000, JeM is an armed group that has launched several high-profile attacks against Indian security and government targets, mostly in the disputed region of Kashmir.
Most recently, JeM claimed a suicide attackthat killed at least 42 Indian security forces personnel in the Indian-administered Kashmir town of Pulwama, triggering the latest crisis between nuclear-armed Indiaand Pakistan.
India accuses Pakistan of offering sanctuary to JeM and other armed groups. Following the Pulwama incident, a top Indian military commander said the country had evidence the attack had been “controlled” by Pakistani intelligence.
Pakistan denies the charge, and says it has been acting against JeM since banning the group in 2002.
Less than a kilometre to the east of one of the bomb craters, atop a steep ridge, sits a seminary run by JeM, residents told Al Jazeera. A road sign located some distance away confirmed the location of the seminary, and that it was run by the armed group.
The sign for the Madrassa Taleem-ul-Quran lists Masood Azhar as its leader, and Muhammad Yousuf Azhar as its administrator.
|The road sign highlights JeM founder and chief Masood Azhar as its “leader”, and wanted JeM associate Yousuf Azhar as its “administrator” [Asad Hashim/Al Jazeera]|
Masood Azhar founded the JeM after he was released from Indian custody in exchange for more than 150 hostages after the hijacking of an Indian commercial airliner in 1999. He remains under US sanctions for JeM’s alleged links with the Afghan Taliban.
Yousuf Azhar is wanted by India in connection with the 1999 hijacking.
Al Jazeera was unable to visit the site of the seminary.
Residents offered conflicting accounts of the facility’s work, with some saying it only offered religious education for local schoolchildren, while others alleged it was a training camp for JeM fighters.
“The madrassa there, at the top of the mountain, that is a training camp for mujahideen [religious fighters],” said one resident, gesturing in the direction of the seminary. He spoke on condition of anonymity given the sensitivity of the subject.
“Everyone here knows there is a Jaish camp there, at the madrassa,” said another 31-year-old local resident, also on condition of anonymity. “It is an active training centre, they teach people how to fight there.”
Others, however, disputed that claim.
“There is no camp here, and no terrorists either,” said Mir Afzal Gulzar, who lives a few kilometres away from the bombing site.
“There was a mujahideen camp here, during the 1980s, but it is gone now,” he said.
There is evidence to suggest the seminary was an active recruitment centre, if not training site, for JeM.
In April 2018, Abdul Rauf Asghar – a top JeM commander and Masood Azhar’s brother – addressed a yearly religious gathering at the seminary, calling upon those present to join “jihad”, or Islamic religious war, according to an article in JeM-affiliated publication al-Qalam.
“This institution is progressing every day in its aim of providing education, and instruction in religion and jihad,” reads the article.
|A local villager shows a piece of shrapnel from one of the Indian bombs [Asad Hashim/Al Jazeera]|
Speakers at the event praised the concept of fighting in the name of religion and “offered arguments against certain notions that have been spread against jihad”, the article says.
A US Department of Defense memo dated January 31, 2004, leaked by Wikileaks in 2011, indicates the existence of “a [JeM] training camp that offers both basic and advanced terrorist training on explosives and artillery” located near Jaba’s geographic location.
The memo detailed the case of Khalil Rehman Hafez, a Pakistani national and member of JeM, who was captured in Afghanistan while fighting US forces and transferred to the Guantanamo Bay prison. Hafez was released and repatriated to Pakistan in 2004.
Back at the bomb site in Jaba, the afternoon sun shines through a thick pine forest, as local residents gather at Nooran Shah’s house. Some investigate the crater, under the watchful eye of Pakistani soldiers, while others pose for the cameras of local media.
In the shadow of the cracked wall of Shah’s house, a defiant group begins to yell patriotic slogans for the cameras.
Shah, a slight man clad in a blue shalwar kameez and still sporting a white bandage around his forehead, turns to face another interviewer.
Asad Hashim is Al Jazeera’s digital correspondent in Pakistan. He tweets @